NIOS Class 10th English (202): NIOS TMA Solution


Tutor Marked Assignment

Max. Marks: 20


(i) All questions are compulsory. The marks allotted for each question are given beside the question.

(ii) Write your name, enrollment number, AI name and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

  1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words. 2

(a) It is aptly said, “Work is worship.” In the light of the story, describe how the squirrel’s small yet significant act of labour of carrying small pebbles is a reflection of his devotion to Lord Rama. 

Ans: Though tiny, the squirrel’s pebble-carrying embodies immense devotion. He tirelessly works, unfazed by mockery, driven by love for Rama, showing that even small acts, done with a pure heart, hold great value.

(b) Describe APJ Abdul Kalam’s Third Vision for India and how as a nation we can be a global strength to reckon with.

Ans: APJ Abdul Kalam’s Third Vision for India emphasizes the need for the nation to assert itself on the global stage. He believes that India must stand up to the world, being strong not only militarily but also economically. According to Kalam, strength commands respect, and for India to be respected globally, it must develop both as a military and economic power simultaneously.

  1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words. 2

(a) Recycling rubbish not only helps save money, it also helps the environment. In view of this, mention four advantages of recycling to justify your answer.

Ans: Recycling provides multiple benefits: cost savings through reduced raw material extraction and processing, environmental protection by minimizing pollution, conservation of valuable resources like trees and metals, and enhanced energy efficiency. It addresses waste issues while promoting economic and environmental sustainability, making it a crucial practice for both financial and ecological well-being.

(b) Caring and loving allows you to have empathy for others and to live a life of love, compassion and togetherness. How do love and care help bind people together?

Ans: Love and care create a sense of empathy, fostering connections and unity among individuals. In the case of Mother Teresa, her compassionate care for the poor reflects a deep sense of love, making the destitute feel wanted and valued. Similarly, in Janaki Iyer’s Ananda Bharati school, her caring approach attracts volunteers and forms a supportive community. The story of Bhagya exemplifies how love and care, as seen in her selfless choice, can bind people together, creating a sense of shared purpose and understanding.

  1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.              

(a) How did Kezia begin to see her father as a human being who needed her sympathy more than the love of a child to a parent?

Ans: Kezia’s perception of her father shifted when, during her mother’s illness, he comforted her fears and displayed vulnerability. Seeing him exhausted and without someone to care for him, she empathized with his humanity. This experience made her recognize that he, too, needed sympathy, altering her view from a fearful figure to a person deserving of understanding and compassion.

(b) The ‘wonder tree’, Neem has agro-friendly and eco-friendly properties. Mention some ways by which these qualities of the Neem tree are reflected in the chapter, The Village Pharmacy.

Ans: The chapter illustrates the Neem tree’s agro-friendly and eco-friendly attributes. It serves as a medicinal wonder, combating ailments, and promoting oral and skin health. With insect-repelling and pesticide properties, it supports sustainable agriculture. Neem’s fallen leaves act as organic manure, contributing to eco-friendly farming. Its longevity, fast growth, and versatile usage, including termite-resistant timber, highlight its multifaceted benefits for the environment and agriculture.

  1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100–150 words. 

(a) People change over the years, they become cold hearted and indifferent. With the passage of time, there is a loss of identity from innocence and genuineness to untrustworthiness and an uncaring attitude. Comment on this central idea of the poem, ‘Once Upon A Time’ penned by Gabriel Okara.

Ans: “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara explores the profound transformation of human nature over time. The poet laments the shift from heartfelt laughter and genuine connections to a superficial existence where people only “laugh with their teeth.” The loss of authenticity is depicted through the speaker’s learned behaviors, wearing various faces for different occasions, masking true feelings, and engaging in insincere social niceties. The poem suggests a societal erosion of warmth and empathy, replaced by a cold and indifferent demeanor.

The speaker expresses a desire to reclaim the innocence and genuineness of the past, emphasizing the need to unlearn the societal expectations that lead to a loss of identity. Overall, Okara’s poem serves as a poignant commentary on the dehumanizing impact of societal expectations and the yearning to rediscover one’s true self amidst the artificiality of modern existence.

(b) The story, My Elder Brother is a human saga of two brothers who are a contrast in personalities and opinions.

(i) Discuss the qualities of Valodya highlighted by the author.

(ii) Comment on the relationship that the two siblings shared in their childhood.

(iii) Describe the incident that brought about a change in the relationship.

Ans:  (i) Valodya is depicted as superior in various aspects, excelling in studies, arguments, and manners. His diverse interests and passionate pursuits, from painting to collecting curios and reading novels, showcase his dynamic personality. Despite his occasional impulsiveness, Valodya exhibits a happy-go-lucky, large-hearted nature that endears him to others.

(ii) In their childhood, the relationship between the two siblings is characterized by camaraderie, shared activities, and a lack of distinction based on age. However, the narrator’s growing awareness of Valodya’s superiority causes internal conflict and a sense of inferiority.

(iii) The incident involving the accidental breaking of Valodya’s ornament triggers a quarrel that changes their relationship. Valodya’s large-heartedness and sincere apology, coupled with the narrator’s realization of his own stubbornness, lead to a moment of reconciliation. This incident marks a shift in their dynamic and emphasizes the genuine affection that underlies their bond.

  1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words. 4

(a) The Shoeshine is a touching tale that drives home the message that dignity of labour must be respected. No work is small or unworthy. It is hard work and dedication that gives one respect and credibility in life. Describe the relationship between Sasthi Brata and Shovan Lal in your own words.

Ans: The relationship between Sasthi Brata and Shovan Lal in “The Shoeshine” reflects a mutual understanding and support born out of shared circumstances. Sasthi Brata, facing unemployment and financial constraints, approaches Shovan Lal, a shoeshine, seeking an opportunity for work. Despite societal norms and expectations, Shovan Lal, along with his shoeshine union, accepts Sasthi Brata into their fold.

The initial skepticism gradually transforms into camaraderie as Shovan Lal and his friends recognize the common struggle for livelihood. Their willingness to collect funds for Sasthi Brata’s shoeshine equipment underscores the solidarity among workers facing challenges in a society that often disregards their dignity. The tale highlights the resilience and cooperation that emerge when individuals unite in the face of adversity, emphasizing the importance of recognizing the value of every form of labor.

(b) The poetess Eileen Mathais has presented trees with human like traits. They have been picturesquely described with physical human qualities as well as emotional attributes. Describe in your own words the poetic parallel between the tall trees and human beings.

Ans: The poetess, Eileen Mathais, draws a poetic parallel between tall trees and human beings by attributing anthropomorphic qualities to the trees. Describing the trees with “feet in the earth” and “heads in the sky” creates a vivid image, personifying them with a posture reminiscent of humans. The use of the term “tall trees” evokes a sense of grandeur and stature, akin to human dignity and presence.

The portrayal of the trees watching “the clouds go by” suggests a contemplative nature, as if the trees possess a form of awareness or consciousness. The description of the trees providing shelter to birds, creating a safe nest, reflects a nurturing and protective quality, akin to human caretaking. Furthermore, when the night falls, and the moon shines down, the

trees are depicted as “peeping,” implying a sense of curiosity or observation, similar to human curiosity about the world.

In essence, the poetess seamlessly intertwines physical and emotional attributes to create a poetic connection between the majestic tall trees and the human experience, highlighting shared qualities of strength, contemplation, nurturing, and curiosity.

  1. Prepare any one project out of the following in about 500 words. 6

(a) Reading is essential. It serves as a basic building block for learning. It is an important life skill as it opens doors for global citizenry. Reading a variety of texts like essays, biographies or journals is not only informative and strengthens skills of concentration and reasoning, but it also improves language and thereby helps in confidence building. Keeping in view these advantages, prepare a project on the multiple benefits of acquiring good reading skills for a Project Paper to be read on the occasion of World Book Day, the theme for which is, “Read….so you never feel alone!”

Ans: Project: The Power of Words: Unlocking Worlds through Reading


Imagine a world where words become doorways, each book a portal to new experiences, and stories your companions. This is the magic of reading, a vital skill that unlocks a treasure trove of knowledge, fosters empathy, and empowers us to navigate the world and ourselves. In the spirit of World Book Day, themed “Read… so you never feel alone!”, we embark on a journey to explore the multifaceted benefits of acquiring good reading skills.

Building Blocks of Learning:

Reading forms the bedrock of education. It equips us with the ability to decode, comprehend, and analyze information. From grasping complex scientific concepts to understanding historical narratives, reading serves as the bridge between knowledge and understanding. It hones critical thinking skills, allowing us to question, analyze, and form informed opinions.

Doors to Global Citizenship:

In today’s interconnected world, reading transcends geographical boundaries. It grants us access to diverse cultures, perspectives, and experiences, fostering empathy and understanding. Through the pages of a book, we walk in the shoes of others, learn from their struggles, and celebrate their triumphs. This fosters global citizenship, promoting tolerance and respect for differences, making us responsible and informed members of the world community.

Unlocking Confidence and Language:

Reading is not a passive act; it’s a conversation between author and reader. As we delve into complex texts, our vocabulary expands, grammar sharpens, and writing skills flourish. This newfound command of language empowers us to express ourselves clearly and confidently, boosting self-esteem and communication skills.

Concentration and Reasoning:

Navigating the intricacies of a text demands focus and concentration. Reading strengthens these cognitive skills, training our minds to stay attentive and process information efficiently. This enhanced ability to focus spills over into other aspects of life, improving learning, productivity, and problem-solving skills.

A Companion for Life:

Beyond the academic benefits, reading offers solace and companionship. In times of joy or sorrow, a book can be a refuge, a friend who always understands. Stories inspire, motivate, and offer wisdom, providing comfort and escape from daily challenges. Reading fosters a lifelong love of learning, igniting curiosity and a thirst for knowledge that enriches our lives in countless ways.

World Book Day and Beyond:

Celebrating World Book Day is a powerful reminder of the transformative power of reading. However, the journey shouldn’t end with this one day. Let’s pledge to cultivate a culture of reading in our communities, homes, and schools. Let’s encourage children and adults alike to explore the vast universe of books, embracing their diverse voices and perspectives. Let’s make reading not just a skill, but a shared passion, a bridge to connect, learn, and grow together.


In a world often characterized by isolation and division, reading offers a beacon of hope. It empowers us to reach beyond ourselves, to connect with others, and to discover the richness and beauty that lies within each page. So, let us open a book, embark on a journey of exploration, and embrace the joy of reading, for it is in the quiet corners of a story that we find solace, connection, and ultimately, ourselves.


(b) Health is the most precious wealth for a human being in his / her entire life time. One can survive without excess money, but without good health, survival can be difficult. It is obvious then that one can feel content and complete with good health and contribute positively and meaningfully to the community and the nation. Write a project report on the topic “Health is Wealth”. You may incorporate the following guiding points:

  • Importance of fresh, nutritious food and balanced diet.
  • Adequate exercise and sleep
  • Positive mind
  • How to lead a healthy life!
  • Impact of social media
  • Change in life style patterns
  • Individual health contributes to the health of a nation

Ans: Health is Wealth: Building Our Most Valuable Currency

“Health is the real wealth, not pieces of gold and silver,” Mahatma Gandhi wisely declared. This enduring truth resonates deeply, for without good health, life becomes a struggle, and our ability to contribute to society diminishes. This project delves into the multifaceted concept of “Health is Wealth”, exploring its crucial components and analyzing its impact on individual and national wellbeing, all within 500 words.

The Cornerstones of Well-being:

  1. Nourishing the Body: A balanced diet is the bedrock of health. Imagine it as colorful bricks building a resilient fort – fresh fruits and vegetables provide vitamins and minerals, whole grains offer sustained energy, and lean proteins keep us strong. Conversely, a diet heavy in processed foods and sugary drinks weakens our defenses, leaving us vulnerable to illness.
  2. Moving Well: Exercise is not a luxury, but a vital investment. Think of it as a tune-up for our physical engine – regular activity strengthens muscles and bones, boosts cardiovascular health, and lifts our spirits. Whether it’s a brisk walk, a gym session, or dancing to our favorite tunes, consistent movement keeps our bodies humming and adds years to our lives.
  3. Resting Deeply: Sleep is not indulgence, but a biological necessity. During sleep, our bodies repair and recharge, preparing for the next day. Imagine sleep as a nightly spa treatment for our minds and bodies – adequate rest strengthens our immune system, sharpens our minds, and fuels our emotional well-being. Conversely, chronic sleep deprivation leaves us drained and vulnerable.
  4. Cultivating a Positive Mind: Our mental health is intricately woven with our physical health. Think of it as the invisible sun illuminating our lives – a positive mindset, nurtured by practices like gratitude and mindfulness, strengthens our resilience against stress, enhances our sense of well-being, and empowers us to lead fulfilling lives. Conversely, chronic negativity and stress cast a shadow on our health.

Building a Healthy Lifestyle:

Achieving optimal health requires a holistic approach, fusing these four cornerstones. Imagine it as a personalized masterpiece:

  • Fuel your body with nutritious meals: Plan and prepare dishes using fresh, seasonal ingredients.
  • Get moving: Find activities you enjoy, whether it’s a team sport, solo workouts, or simply dancing in the kitchen.
  • Prioritize sleep: Aim for 7-8 hours of quality sleep each night.
  • Mind your well-being: Practice stress management techniques like meditation or mindfulness.
  • Build a supportive network: Surround yourself with people who inspire and encourage healthy habits.

The Modern Landscape:

While technology and connectivity offer tremendous benefits, they also pose challenges. Social media can be a double-edged sword, promoting unrealistic beauty standards and encouraging sedentary lifestyles. We must be mindful of how we interact with it and prioritize information from credible sources. Similarly, modern work patterns and urbanization can disrupt sleep and limit physical activity. We must consciously create environments that support healthy habits within our busy schedules.

Health: A National Investment:

A healthy individual is the bedrock of a thriving nation. Imagine a society where people are vibrant, productive, and contributing actively – this is the power of prioritizing individual health. A healthy population translates to reduced healthcare costs, increased productivity, and a more empowered citizenry. Therefore, promoting individual health through education, accessible healthcare, and supportive policies becomes crucial for national development.


“Health is Wealth” is not just a slogan, but a call to action. By prioritizing a balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep, and a positive mindset, we invest not only in ourselves but in the future of our nation. Let us move forward, building a foundation of well-being for ourselves and our communities, for in doing so, we build the most valuable currency – a healthy and vibrant society.


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