NIOS Class 10th Employability skill (250): NIOS TMA Solution

NIOS Solved TMA 2024

(i) All questions are compulsory. The marks allotted for each question are given beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrolment numbers, Al name and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.

(a) Being an active member of the Red Cross Society, you are going to organize a program on the topic ‘Awareness of precaution measures during Covid-19 in your locality. Sketch out the plan of any two steps for organizing the program.

Answer: Poster Campaign: Design and distribute informative posters highlighting Covid-19 precautionary measures. Include visuals and concise text to convey the importance of wearing masks, hand hygiene, and social distancing. Display these posters in prominent public spaces and community centers.

Interactive Workshop: Conduct an interactive workshop with local health experts. Cover topics such as proper mask usage, handwashing techniques, and the significance of vaccination. Encourage active participation and address queries to ensure a comprehensive understanding of precautionary measures.

(b) “Online teaching-learning process has brought a revolutionary changes in the learning style of upcoming generation in 21st century.” List out any four advantages in the light of the statement.

1.       Answer: Global Reach: Online education provides an opportunity for many to access learning globally, allowing students from different regions to study together.

2.       Convenience and Responsibility: Students can study at their convenience, fostering a sense of responsibility for their own learning.

3.       Self-Exploration: Learners have the chance to explore various resources for self-study, enhancing self-exploration.

4.       Technical Proficiency: Online education equips students with technical skills and familiarity with online resources, preparing them for future careers.

2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40 to 60 words.

(a) Name any four welfare measures to be provided by Employer under Indian Factories Act, 1948.

Answer: Health Measures: Employers must provide facilities like clean drinking water, first aid, and sanitary arrangements for the health and well-being of workers.

Safety Measures: Employers are mandated to ensure the safety of workers by maintaining machinery, preventing accidents, and providing protective gear.

Welfare Measures: Facilities like restrooms, canteens, and creches for working mothers must be provided to enhance workers’ welfare.

Working Hours and Leave: The Act specifies limits on working hours, and employers must grant annual leave with wages.

(b) The occurrence of cybercrime is increasing at a very faster pace which has created a lot of problems in the normal life for human beings. Filing cyber crime complaints is the only way to protect them from such types of occurrences. Explain the situation with the help of an event.

Answer: Imagine receiving an email promising exciting prizes but asking for personal information. A friend falls for it, and soon, their bank account is emptied. This real-life event illustrates the growing threat of cybercrime. Filing cybercrime complaints becomes crucial to protect people from scams, emphasizing the need for awareness and reporting to ensure online safety in our digital age.

3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40 to 60 words.

(a) You have prepared a PowerPoint presentation on the ‘Blood Donation Camp’ organized by Red Cross Society. Mention four important contents to be presented on the slides.

Answer: Your PowerPoint presentation on the ‘Blood Donation Camp’ should include:

1.       Introduction: Briefly describe the purpose and importance of the camp.

2.       Event Details: Provide information on the date, time, and venue of the camp.

3.       Process Overview: Explain the blood donation process and requirements.

4.       Impact and Benefits: Highlight the positive impact of blood donation and the benefits to the community.

(b) “Nowadays, online shopping has become popular amongst customers”. In light of the

statement list out the two advantages and two disadvantages of online shopping.

Answer: In the present era, online shopping has gained popularity among customers.


1.       Convenience: Customers can shop anytime, anywhere, without physical presence.

2.       Variety: Access to a wide range of products and options.


1.       Security Concerns: Risks of online fraud and privacy issues.

2.       Quality Variation: Inability to physically examine products before purchase.

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words.

(a) “Time Management is considered as an effective instrument for smooth running of enterprise”. Justify the statement with a suitable illustration.

Answer: Time management is crucial for the efficient functioning of any enterprise. For instance, in a manufacturing unit, proper time allocation ensures timely completion of tasks.

If workers manage their time well, production schedules are met, reducing delays and enhancing overall productivity. Conversely, poor time management can lead to bottlenecks, affecting the entire production process. This highlights the significance of time management in maintaining a streamlined and productive operation, making it an indispensable tool for organizational success.

(b) “E-commerce portal has brought multi-dimensional changes in the global business world.” Is this statement true? If yes, then explain four reasons.

Answer: Yes, the statement is true. E-commerce portals have significantly transformed the global business landscape for several reasons. Firstly, they provide a platform for businesses to reach a global audience, expanding their customer base. Secondly, online transactions offer convenience and accessibility, fostering customer satisfaction.

Thirdly, e-commerce facilitates cost-effective operations, reducing overhead expenses for businesses. Lastly, it promotes competition, encouraging businesses to innovate and improve services, benefiting both consumers and the market. In essence, e-commerce has brought about a paradigm shift in the way businesses operate on a global scale.

5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words.

(a) XYZ Enterprises has marked a grand success in the field of supply of dairy products within a very short period of time which reflects the result-oriented traits of an entrepreneur. You are suggested to analyze various traits of the entrepreneur which have contributed to attaining this achievement.

Answer: XYZ Enterprises’ rapid success in the supply of dairy products can be attributed to the entrepreneur’s distinct traits. Firstly, effective decision-making skills have played a crucial role in navigating challenges.

Secondly, innovation and adaptability have allowed the entrepreneur to capitalize on emerging trends in the dairy industry.

Thirdly, strong leadership and team-building skills fostered a motivated workforce.

Fourthly, a customer-centric approach ensured satisfaction and loyalty.

Lastly, risk-taking and resilience in the face of setbacks have been key to overcoming obstacles. Together, these entrepreneurial traits have propelled XYZ Enterprises to remarkable success in a short span.

(b)”Maintaining Primary Health Centre at the workplace contributes to increasing the productivity of workers”. Explain the need and importance of Primary Health Centre in light of the statement.

Answer: The establishment of a Primary Health Centre (PHC) at the workplace is crucial for enhancing worker productivity. Firstly, it addresses immediate health concerns, ensuring a healthy workforce. Regular health check-ups and preventive measures help detect and manage illnesses early, reducing absenteeism.

Secondly, it fosters a sense of well-being among employees, promoting a positive work environment. Accessible healthcare facilities also encourage employees to prioritize their health. Overall, a PHC at the workplace not only ensures the physical well-being of workers but also contributes significantly to increased productivity and a more efficient workforce.

6. Prepare any one project out of the following given below.

(a) Prepare a Project work on a “social networking site for the expansion of your newly establish business” under the following format-

 – Introduction


– Types of Social Networking Sites

– Methods for using Social Networking Sites

– Conclusion.

Answer: Project Work: Social Networking Site for Business Expansion


·         In the contemporary business landscape, leveraging social networking sites has become imperative for the growth and expansion of newly established enterprises. Social media platforms offer a dynamic space for businesses to connect with their target audience, build brand awareness, and foster customer engagement.


·         Establish an online presence to enhance brand visibility.

·         Connect with the target audience and build a loyal customer base.

·         Facilitate effective communication and interaction with customers.

·         Utilize social media for marketing and promotional activities.

Types of Social Networking Sites:

·         Facebook: Ideal for creating brand pages, sharing updates, and engaging with customers.

·         LinkedIn: Suited for professional networking, B2B connections, and industry-specific discussions.

·         Instagram: A visual platform for showcasing products/services through images and short videos.

·         Twitter: Enables real-time communication, updates, and customer interaction.

Methods for Using Social Networking Sites:

·         Create Engaging Content: Develop content that resonates with the target audience, including visuals, articles, and interactive posts.

·         Regular Updates: Maintain an active presence by regularly updating content, responding to comments, and participating in discussions.

·         Paid Advertising: Utilize paid advertising options on platforms like Facebook and Instagram for targeted reach.

·         Analytics Monitoring: Track performance metrics to assess the effectiveness of social media strategies.


·         Embracing social networking sites for business expansion is a strategic move in the digital era. By implementing a well-rounded social media strategy, businesses can not only enhance their online presence but also foster meaningful connections with their audience, ultimately contributing to long-term success and growth.

(b) Prepare Project work on “Government Policy for Improving Small Scale Enterprises” during 21st Century. Follow the format given below –

– Introduction

– Objectives

– Sources of arranging capital

– Government Initiatives

– Technological Advancement

– Conclusion.

Answer: Project Work: Government Policy for Improving Small Scale Enterprises in the 21st Century


·         In the 21st century, the government has implemented various policies to enhance the prosperity of small-scale enterprises. This project examines the key aspects of these policies.


·         Establish prosperity and self-reliance for small enterprises.

·         Ensure the availability of capital for expansion and proper investment direction.

·         Support small enterprises through technological advancements.

·         Promote enterprises through government initiatives.

Sources of Arranging Capital:

·         Bank Loans: The government has encouraged banks to provide loans to small enterprises.

·         Government Subsidies: Generous subsidies have been provided by the government for small enterprises.

Government Initiatives:

·         Mudra Yojana: The government has initiated the Mudra Yojana to provide loans to small enterprises.

·         GST Reforms: The government has improved the GST system, benefiting small enterprises.

Technological Advancement:

·         Digital Guidance: The government supports small enterprises by guiding them in the digital era.

·         Technology Workshops for Development: Various technical workshops have been organized to provide knowledge to enterprises.


·         Government policies in the 21st century have significantly supported the prosperity and empowerment of small enterprises through capital availability, subsidies, initiatives, and technological advancements.