NIOS Class 10th Folk Art (244): NIOS TMA Solution

NIOS Solved TMA 2024

Note :

(i) All questions are compulsory. The Marks allotted for each question are given

beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrolment numbers, Al name and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.

1. ‘Folk artists make use of locally available materials’, Justify.

Answer: Limited resources fuel resourcefulness: Folk artists often reside in communities with limited access to expensive materials. By relying on what's readily available – clay, wood, leaves – they not only create art but also showcase their deep connection to their environment.

2. Why it is said that local folk and tribal arts are created for ritual and utilitarian purpose? Explain. 

Answer: Art woven into life: Local folk and tribal arts are often inseparable from traditional rituals and daily needs. Masks for ceremonies, pottery for storage, and textiles for adornment – these creations serve practical purposes while embodying cultural beliefs and practices.


2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.

(a) Name the motif used as auspicious symbols in Kalamkari folk art and also explain about the motif.

Answer: Auspicious Symbols in Kalamkari

Motif: Swastik

·         Explanation: The Swastik is a widely recognized symbol of good luck and prosperity in Kalamkari art. It represents divinity, fortune, and the eternal cycle of life.

·         Depiction: The Swastik is typically drawn with four arms bent at right angles, often adorned with dots or other embellishments.


(b) What do you know about the motif Latpatia Sua? In which state this motif is popular?

Answer: Latpatia Sua

Motif: Latpatia Sua, meaning "creeper with hanging threads," depicts a vine with delicate tendrils and flowers.

·         Significance: This motif symbolizes fertility, abundance, and the interconnectedness of nature. It's often used in Kalamkari borders and sarees.

·         Popularity: Latpatia Sua is particularly popular in Andhra Pradesh, where Kalamkari art flourishes.


3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.

(a) What is the meaning of "Dhari Oriya Patta'? Write about different types of Dhari.

Answer: Dhari Oriya Patta

·         Meaning: "Dhari Oriya Patta" translates to "border cloth of Odisha." It refers to the intricate hand-painted borders found on Oriya sarees and textiles.

·         Types of Dhari:

o    Khandua: Features geometric patterns and vibrant colours.

o    Bandha: Showcases floral and paisley motifs with gold and silver accents.

o    Ganjam: Depicts scenes from mythology and epics.


(b) In which folk painting stories are narrated to the villages of Paithan and Pinguli? Explain this art in brief?

Answer: Paithan and Pinguli Paintings

·         Storytelling: These folk paintings from Maharashtra narrate epic tales like Mahabharata and Ramayana through vibrant visuals.

·         Style: Paithan paintings are known for their rich gold backgrounds and intricate details, while Pinguli art uses bold colours and stylized figures.

Both arts are vibrant expressions of cultural heritage and serve as educational tools for rural communities.

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.

(a) Name the art done on cloth in local language. Give the basic information of any one of this art.


·         Madhubani (Mithila): intricate hand-painted narratives from Bihar usingnatural dyes.

·         Phulkari (Punjab): colorful floral embroidery on dupattas, traditionally by women.

·         Kalighat Patas (West Bengal): detailed scroll paintings depicting mythology and scenes of daily life.


(b) Recognize the possible areas in the field of Folk Art. Describe how the Delhi Hatt was established to encourage of folk art in Delhi.


·         Preserving traditional techniques and designs.

·         Promoting economic sustainability for artisans.

·         Educating the public about cultural heritage.

·         Adapting traditional art forms to contemporary contexts.

·         Encouraging innovation and experimentation within styles.

The Delhi Haat was established in 1976 to revive and showcase Indian handicrafts and folk art. It provides a platform for artisans from across the country to sell their creations directly to customers, fosters cultural exchange, and educates visitors about diverse art forms. The rotating stalls with fortnightly changes and special exhibitions keep the experience fresh and vibrant.


5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.

(a) "Pothies are considered as family treasure". Justify the statement.

Answer:  Pothies as Family Treasures:

Pothies, hand-painted manuscripts, hold immense value as family treasures for several reasons:

·         Lineage and Heritage: They are passed down through generations, connecting families to their ancestors and history.

·         Religious and Cultural Significance: Pothies often depict religious stories, rituals, and customs, preserving traditions and spiritual beliefs.

·         Artistic Legacy: They showcase intricate artwork and storytelling techniques, a source of pride and cultural identity.

·         Investment and Security: In some communities, rare or well-preserved pothies hold economic value, acting as a form of financial security.



(b) Write about the theme of Gond painting. What kinds of materials are used in this painting? Write the in details.

Answer: Gond paintings, vibrant and expressive, depict the close relationship between the Gond people and nature. Themes often revolve around:

·         Mythology and Legends: Creation stories, deities, and spirits from Gond folklore.

·         Daily Life: Hunting, gathering, rituals, village scenes, and interactions with animals.

·         Nature and Wildlife: Lush forests, rivers, mountains, and diverse animal species.

Materials used are natural and locally available:

·         Base: Earthen walls, cloth, or handmade paper coated with cow dung.

·         Colors: Natural pigments from charcoal, clay, vegetable dyes, and rice paste.

·         Brushes: Bamboo sticks or twigs chewed at the end.

Gond paintings are more than just art; they are a window into a vibrant culture, its beliefs, and its harmonious relationship with the natural world.

6. Prepare any one project of the following projects given below.

(a) Draw traditional motifs used in Madhubani painting and write a paragraph of each motif along with illustrations.

Answer:  Madhubani painting is a popular Indian painting style that originated in Madhubani district of Bihar. This painting uses bright colors and geometric shapes. Some of the traditional motifs used in Madhubani painting are as follows:

1.       Flower motifs

Flower motifs are the most common motifs in Madhubani painting. They depict flowers such as roses, lotuses, champa, and malsuri. These flowers are often decorated in an artistic way.

2.       Animal-bird motifs

Animal-bird motifs are also popular in Madhubani painting. They depict animals and birds such as peacocks, parrots, deer, and elephants. These animals and birds are often painted in vibrant colors.

3.       Geometric shapes

Geometric shapes are also widely used in Madhubani painting. They use shapes such as triangles, squares, and circles. These shapes are often made into traditional designs.

4.       Human figures

Human figures are also sometimes depicted in Madhubani painting. They depict deities, kings, and other historical or mythological figures. These human figures are often depicted in traditional costumes and jewelry.

5.       Religious symbols

Religious symbols are also often depicted in Madhubani painting. They use symbols such as the sun, moon, stars, and other religious symbols. These religious symbols are often considered to be symbols of auspiciousness and prosperity.

6.       Geometric designs