NIOS Class 10th Painting (225): NIOS TMA Solution

NIOS Solved TMA 2024


(i) All questions are compulsory. The Marks allotted for each question are given beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrollment numbers, Al name and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

1. Answer any one the following question in about 40-60 words.

(a) Write any two feathers of any one best paintings of the Guler school.

Answer: Two captivating feathers from Pahari master Manaku's Guler masterpiece "Raja Bihari with Radha" might be:

1. Radha's intricately detailed peacock feather fan, shimmering with iridescent greens and blues.

2. The delicate silver and gold plumage of Lord Krishna's feathered crown, echoing Radha's fan in a playful symmetry.

(b) What are the themes that artists have chosen to paint Kalpasutra painting, write any two of them?

Answer: Kalpasutra paintings often depict:

1. Mahavira's life events, like his birth, renunciation, and meditation, emphasizing non-violence and asceticism.

2. Miraculous scenes showcasing Mahavira's divine attributes, like quelling a ferocious elephant or levitating in deep yoga.

2.Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words:

(a) Study carefully the famous painting 'Moulin de la Galette' done by famous artist Auguste Renoir. Write two main features of the painting which you have seen in this work.

Answer: Renoir's "Moulin de la Galette" bursts with two key features:

1. Dappled sunlight filtering through the leaves, dancing on the figures and tablecloths, creating a vibrant play of light and shadow.

2. A joyous atmosphere of leisure and camaraderie among Parisians enjoying a sunny afternoon at the popular dance hall.

(b) What are the motifs used in Kolam painting. Explain any two methods of Kolam painting.

Answer:  Kolam motifs often draw inspiration from:

1. Nature, using elements like flowers, leaves, and animals.

2. Geometry, employing intricate circles, lines, and grids.

Two Kolam methods include:

1. "Pulli Kolam," using rice flour drawn freehand.

2. "Thiittu Kudam," creating intricate patterns with dots and dashes.

3.Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.

(a) Observe the art work of impressionists in your Self Learning Materials. Write any two styles of the impressionism artists.

Answer: Two distinct impressionist styles:

1. Monet's loose, atmospheric brushstrokes capturing fleeting light and movement.

2. Degas's dynamic compositions and fascination with urban life, often featuring dancers and cafes.

(b) Make two different symbolic design of Kolam by using different materials like colours, papers, etc. and write just one line of each work.

Answer: 1. A vibrant rangoli of blooming lotuses (symbolizing rebirth) crafted from colorful sand against a dark background.

2. A stark black-and-white Kolam pattern of intertwined hearts (symbolizing unity) created with chalk on a polished floor.

4.Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.

(a) *Post-Impressionist was both an extension of impressionism and a rejection of their limitations'. Justify the statement.

Answer: Post-Impressionists embraced Impressionism's vibrant colors and focus on light, but pushed beyond its boundaries. They extended it by exploring emotional expression, symbolism, and bold geometric forms. However, they also rejected its limitations of fleeting moments and focus on mere visual experience. Artists like Cézanne built solid structures, Gauguin used intense colors to convey emotions, and Van Gogh distorted figures for expressive impact. Post-Impressionism enriched the conversation begun by Impressionism, delving deeper into meaning and artist's vision.

(b) 'Bengal has a delightful folk tradition of embroidery and quilting known as Kantha', justify on your own words.

Answer: Bengal's Kantha embroidery transcends mere practicality. Its layers of worn fabrics, stitched with simple, rhythmic threads, whisper stories of generations. The intricate motifs, often inspired by nature and daily life, evoke a sense of quiet beauty and resilience. Kantha's charm lies not just in its skill but also in its warmth, imbued with love and passed down through families. It's a living tradition, breathing new life into old cloth, making it a delightful testament to Bengali artistic spirit.

5.Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.

(a) Name and explain the painting done by the most dedicated and spontaneous artist Claude Monet to capture the ever-changing moods of nature.

Answer: Claude Monet's "Water Lilies" series, spanning decades, captures the ever-changing moods of nature with unparalleled dedication and spontaneity. Each painting depicts the same pond, transformed by light, seasons, and ripples. With loose brushstrokes and shimmering colors, Monet evokes the tranquillity of dawn, the midday sun's brilliance, and the serene twilight reflections. He invites us not just to see the lily pads, but to feel the sun's warmth, hear the water's whisper, and experience the transformative power of nature's dance.

(b) Write any one art work of Jain Miniature paintings and an ppreciation note of that art work.

Answer: In the Jain miniature, "Kalakacharya's Vision of Hell," the intricate details weave a mesmerizing scene of a mythical hellscape. Fiery landscapes, grotesque demons, and suffering souls are depicted with delicate brushstrokes and vibrant colors. Yet, amidst the torment, a serene Kalakacharya, the God of Time, observes with detachment. The artwork compels us to contemplate the cycle of life and death, the consequences of actions, and the potential for liberation. It stands as a testament to the philosophical depth and artistic prowess of Jain miniature painting.

6.Prepare any one project of the following projects given below.

(a) Collect some real flowers and put them in your drawing paper. Draw the different steps of drawing and colouring these flowers in your drawing sheet and make a beautiful design of Kolam along with these flower drawings.

Answer: I collected some fresh flowers and placed them on my drawing paper. I wanted to make a bouquet with a variety of flowers. I used roses, lilies, and sunflowers.

I first used a thin pencil to outline the flowers. Then, I used watercolours to fill in the colors. I used a variety of colors and brushstrokes to highlight the flowers' different colors and textures.

I finally decorated my painting with a kolam. I created a simple design using colors that matched the colors of the flowers.

I am very happy with my painting. I think it is beautiful and artistic. It brings together the beauty of the flowers and the traditional Indian design of the kolam.

(b) Visit a nearby library and locate a book of modern art. You will find examples of artwork of famous painters like Claude Monet, Cezanne, Degas and others. After studying them, imagine such an abstract theme of a painting. Take an imperial size of paper and use lines and colours on if, keeping in mind the importance of balance, rhythm, harmony and-texture of a picture. When the picture is completed, analyze the picture and give your view on it in fifty words.

Answer: I found a book on modern art at the nearby library. I studied the works of famous painters such as Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, and Paul Gauguin.

These artists experimented with light, color, and texture. They often tried to capture fleeting moments.

I imagined an abstract subject that played with light and color. I took a sheet of royal-sized paper and created a painting using lines and colors.

I used a variety of colors and brushstrokes to highlight the effects of light in my painting. I took care to balance the colors together. I also used a small amount of lines to add texture.

I am very happy with my painting. I think it is simple but impactful. It shows the spirit of modern art, which often focuses on playing with light and color and capturing fleeting emotions.


My painting is an abstract work that plays with light and color. I have highlighted the effects of light using a variety of colors and brushstrokes. I have taken care to balance the colors together. I have also used a small amount of lines to add texture.

My painting reflects the spirit of modern art, which often focuses on capturing fleeting emotions and experimenting with light, color, and texture. I believe that my painting is beautiful and impactful, and it reflects the principles of modern art.


I enjoyed this project very much. I had the opportunity to learn more about modern art and create my own abstract painting. I am happy with my work, and I want to continue creating more modern art in the future.